The Jewish settlement in Tzfat dates back to the Temple period but Safed – pronounced “Tz-fat” in Hebrew – achieved fame and a reputation as the “City of Kabbalah” during the 16th century. Rabbis, Kabbalistic scholars and other Jews fled the Spanish Inquisition and made this their mountaintop home.


Ohr Hachaim Hakadosh

The holy Ohr Hachaim Hakadosh was born in Morocco, in the city Salé, to his father R’ Moshe. R’ Moshe was the son of Reb Chaim ben Atar Hazakon.
R’ Chaim ben Atar, the grandfather of the Ohr Hachaim Hakadosh, was Ohr Hachaim Hakadosh’s rebbi, and he studied torah with him. The Ohr Hachaim Hakadosh was called with the identical name of his grandfather. The tradition in those days was that the name of the grandfather was given to the grandchildren, even while the grandfathers were alive.